For many participants, for example, data on wealth, earnings, or sexual behavior can be as or more sensitive than genetic data.
Page 97 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Thus the ability of various participants to understand the research and the informed consent process must be considered. Conclusions The purpose of this study was to investigate the question of whether training for tutors increases their ability to choose an appropriate action in a tutoring situation.
Plasmas alter the normal pathways through which chemical systems evolve from one stable state to another, thus providing the potential to produce materials with properties that are not attainable by any other means. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. The central scientific problem underlying plasma processing concerns the interaction of low-energy collisional plasmas with solid surfaces.
What federal policies could be put into place to enhance the design, building, funding, sharing, operations, and maintenance of midsized advanced research instruments.
Would an interagency program to fund midsized advanced research instruments that are used by researchers funded by many agencies help respond to these challenges. Even nonunique biodata, if combined with social science data, may pose a serious risk of reidentification.
Further investigation will be needed to generalize this conclusion. The committee believes that by taking the steps recommended here, the nation will optimize its investment in research and thus the benefits that research provides to society.
Plasmas alter the normal pathways through which chemical systems evolve from one stable state to another, thus providing the potential to produce materials with properties that are not attainable by any other means. Because of the diversity of applications and the multidisciplinary nature of the science, scientific understanding lags technology.
Implementing these recommendations will require the combined efforts of both individual investigators and the agencies that support them.
Investigators considering collecting biospecimens as part of a social science survey should consult with their IRBs early and often. But today no diagnostic techniques exist that can be used unambiguously to determine material properties related to device yield. What, for example, should a researcher do if a survey participant is found to have a genetic disease that does not appear until later in life.
NIA should locate and publicize positive examples of the documentation of consent processes for the collection of biospecimens. The mergers of private-sector health care organizations do not provide adequate models for integration of federal health care organizations because they are narrowly based on increasing market share and revenue and usually do not involve clinical integration, only administrative consolidation.
Nonetheless, fundamental studies of surface processes and plasma phenomena—both experimental and numerical—have contributed to process development by providing key insights that enable limitation of the broad process-variable operating space.
Providing viable career paths for those essential personnel is a critical issue facing universities with ARIF.
Conclusions To a large extent, the criteria should address the juncture at which FHCC lower operating costs or greater effectiveness are shown to outweigh the associated significant implementation costs i.
These decisions should be addressed in the training of survey interviewers.
For example, graduate programs specifically focused on plasma processing are rare because of insufficient funding of university research programs in this field. The retirees appreciated the easier access to services at the west campus than when the Navy clinic was still on the naval base.
What Institutions Should Do Regarding Informed Consent Because the details of informed consent vary from study to study, individual investigators must bear ultimate responsibility for determining the details of informed consent for any particular study.
If more questions had focused on each of the six sub-test topics, or if there had been a larger sample from which to draw, significant differences resulting from the amount of training received may have been found for other topics as well.
The other concern was the location of the mental health clinic on the third floor of the ACC, which is accessed through a balcony over the atrium between the ACC and the hospital building. NIH would maintain the authority to penalize those who violated any confidentiality agreements, for example, by denying them or their home institution NIH funding.
Recommendations The following recommendations are divided into two sections.
5 Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations As the preceding chapters have made clear, incorporating biological specimens into social science surveys holds great scientific potential, but also adds a variety of complications to the tasks of both individual researchers and institutions.
Definition of findings, conclusions, and recommendations (FCR): Facts and figures collected by an auditor to satisfy the objectives of the audit (the findings), inferences drawn by the auditors from the findings (the conclusions), and. summary, conclusions, and recommendations This chapter will provide a summary of the purpose, methodology, and results of this study.
Then, conclusions will be discussed based on researcher insights gained regarding study findings and limitations. summary, conclusions, and recommendations This chapter will provide a summary of the purpose, methodology, and results of this study.
Then, conclusions will be discussed based on researcher insights gained regarding study findings and limitations. Recommendation NIH should direct investigators to formulate a plan in advance concerning the return of any medically relevant findings to survey participants and to implement that plan in the design and conduct of their informed consent procedures.
CHAPTER 5 Summary, findings, conclusions and recommendations INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the summary of the findings, conclusions and recommendations based on the.Findings conclusion and recommendation